Humidity is quite high, at between 70 and 90%. Most Indonesians also speak at least one of more than 700 local languages, often as their first language. The concept of "Indonesia" as a nation-state emerged in the early 20th century and the country proclaimed its independence in 1945.  Private international schools that do not follow the national curriculum are also available.  Chief among them is the delegation of power and authority to various regional entities while remaining a unitary state. , The earliest evidence of Islamized populations in the archipelago dates to the 13th century in northern Sumatra. Since most have left after Indonesia proclaimed independence, Judaism was never accorded official status, and only a tiny number of Jews remain today, mostly in Jakarta and Surabaya.
As with the arts, Indonesian architecture has absorbed foreign influences that have brought cultural changes and profound effect on building styles and techniques.  In 1999, East Timor seceded from Indonesia, following its 1975 invasion by Indonesia and a 25-year occupation that was marked by international condemnation of human rights abuses.  Parents can choose between state-run, non-sectarian schools or private or semi-private religious (usually Islamic) schools, supervised by the ministries of Education and Religion, respectively.  Only in the early 20th century did their dominance extend to what was to become Indonesia's current boundaries.  The President of Indonesia is the head of state and head of government, commander-in-chief of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI), and the director of domestic governance, policy-making, and foreign affairs. The Sundanese, Malay, Batak, Madurese, Minangkabau and Buginese are the next largest groups in the country. In Southeast Asia, Indonesia is one of the top sports powerhouses by winning the Southeast Asian Games ten times since 1977, most recently in 2011..  The Sundanese kingdom of Salakanagara in western Java around 130 was the first historically recorded Indianised kingdom in the archipelago.  In the same publication, one of his students, James Richardson Logan, used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago.  The country had 171 million Internet users in 2018, with a penetration rate that keeps increasing annually.  Indonesia has held annual film festivals and awards, including the Indonesian Film Festival (Festival Film Indonesia) that has been held intermittently since 1955. With its state-owned company, the Indonesian Aerospace (PT. His "New Order" administration, supported by the United States, encouraged foreign direct investment, which was a crucial factor in the subsequent three decades of substantial economic growth.  The former was resolved peacefully in 2005, while the latter continues, amid a significant, albeit imperfect, implementation of regional autonomy laws, and a reported decline in the levels of violence and human rights abuses since 2004.
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