Chiloé’s Isla Grande (Main Island) is the second largest island in Latin America, after Chile/. However, this latter claim is suspended under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty, of which Chile is a signatory. By relinquishing power to a democratically elected successor, Ibáñez del Campo retained the respect of a large enough segment of the population to remain a viable politician for more than thirty years, in spite of the vague and shifting nature of his ideology. The national flower is the copihue (Lapageria rosea, Chilean bellflower), which grows in the woods of southern Chile. , In 1978 Chile was administratively divided into regions, and in 1979 subdivided into provinces and these into communes. Failure to abide by the regulation can lead to fines of up to 40,000 pesos.
Among the larger mammals are the puma or cougar, the llama-like guanaco and the fox-like chilla. Chile Facts | Geo Superlatives The southern Andes mountains are home to the world's highest volcano and the world's highest lake which is called the... Chile's highest mountain, which is in fact the peak of a volcano, is the Nevado Ojos de Salado. [clarification needed] Accent varies only very slightly from north to south; more noticeable are the differences in accent based on social class or whether one lives in the city or the country. , 20. , 27. Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the Pacific Alliance, and joined the OECD in 2010. A new Constitution was approved by a controversial plebiscite on 11 September 1980, and General Pinochet became president of the republic for an eight-year term. This area is also the historical center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it integrated the northern and southern regions. Michelle Bachelet is elected as Chile’s first female president.
In the 2009 legislative elections in Chile, the Communist Party won 3 out of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies for the first time in 30 years (the Communist Party was not allowed to exist as such during the dictatorship). Some major agriculture products of Chile include grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, maize, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool, fish, timber and hemp. , 2019–20 Chilean protests are a series of country-wide protests in response to a raise in the Santiago Metro's subway fare, the increased cost of living, privatization and inequality prevalent in the country. , Cut off to the north by desert, to the south by the Mapuche, to the east by the Andes Mountains, and to the west by the ocean, Chile became one of the most centralized, homogeneous colonies in Spanish America. Some areas of the plains territories encompass territory east of the Andes, and the Patagonian steppes and Magellan, or are high plateaus surrounded by high mountain ranges, such as the Altiplano or Puna de Atacama. The French influenced Chile's legal and educational systems and had a decisive impact on Chile, through the architecture of the capital in the boom years at the turn of the 20th century. "Flora Fungosa Chilena". Most answered "White" (59%), while 25% said "Mestizo" and 8% self-classified as "indigenous". The Spanish heard about “Chilli” from the Incas in, Chile’s national flag is similar to the state flag of, With over 100 wineries in the country, Chile is now the 5th largest exporter of, The official and unusual name for the Chilean. For lack of provisions, they abandon the project. The next Europeans to reach Chile were Diego de Almagro and his band of Spanish conquistadors, who came from Peru in 1535 seeking gold. One of the highest lakes above sea level (4520 m), Lake Chungara, is in Chile. “World’s Cleanest Air.” Travel+Leisure.
A young actress lived in it for two weeks, revealing even intimate aspects of her daily routine to curious Santiaguinos.  Joint public-private public works projects helped reduce unemployment. , In 1520, while attempting to circumnavigate the globe, Ferdinand Magellan discovered the southern passage now named after him (the Strait of Magellan) thus becoming the first European to set foot on what is now Chile. The Andes, as he had done previously Cordillera de la Costa, begins to break in the ocean causing a myriad of islands and islets and disappear into it, sinking and reappearing in the Southern Antilles arc and then the Antarctic Peninsula, where it is called Antartandes, in the Chilean Antarctic Territory, lying between the meridians 53°W and 90°W. The Incas briefly extended their empire into what is now northern Chile, but the Mapuche (or Araucanians as they were known by the Spaniards) successfully resisted many attempts by the Inca Empire to subjugate them, despite their lack of state organization. , This article is about the country in South America. The Dakar Rally off-road automobile race has been held in both Chile and Argentina since 2009. Nitrate bonanza begins. As a result of the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia (1879–83), Chile expanded its territory northward by almost one-third, eliminating Bolivia's access to the Pacific, and acquired valuable nitrate deposits, the exploitation of which led to an era of national affluence. Chile borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. It is an official national event celebrated in May every year. Add to that the enormous length of Chile (over 4,300 km (2,672 mi)) and this results in a wide range of climates and environments that can be divided into three general zones: the desert provinces of the north, central Chile, and the humid regions of the south. The National Health Fund (Fonasa), created in 1979, is the financial entity entrusted to collect, manage and distribute state funds for health in Chile.
The first general census was conducted by the government of Agustín de Jáuregui between 1777 and 1778; it indicated that the population consisted of 259,646 inhabitants: 73.5 percent of European descent, 7.9 percent mestizos, 8.6 percent indigenous peoples and 9.8 percent blacks. city schools (colegios municipales) that are mostly free and have the worst education results, mostly attended by poor students; subsidized schools that receive some money from the government which can be supplemented by fees paid by the student's family, which are attended by mid-income students and typically get mid-level results; and. The cold temperatures and winds of the extreme south preclude heavy forestation. Peruvians claim the Northern part of Chile, which is now South West of Peru. The economy remained sluggish until 2003, when it began to show clear signs of recovery, achieving 4.0% GDP growth. February 28, 2010. Railroad reaches Temuco in Mapuche heartland.  According to the 2002 national census, Chile's foreign-born population has increased by 75% since 1992..
Other results achieved by the national football team include two Copa América titles (2015 and 2016), and two runners up positions, one silver and two bronze medals at the Pan American Games, a bronze medal at the 2000 Summer Olympics and two third places finishes in the FIFA under-17 and under-20 youth tournaments. It and the Lauca River are shared with Bolivia, as well as the Lluta River. Patriot army defeats Spanish again at Battle of Maipú on April 5. At the same time, attempts were made to strengthen sovereignty in southern Chile intensifying penetration into Araucanía and colonizing Llanquihue with German immigrants in 1848. A national junta in the name of Ferdinand – heir to the deposed king – was formed on 18 September 1810. 14Rojas, Alejandro. The flora and fauna of Chile are characterized by a high degree of endemism, due to its particular geography. Chile is the longest country in the world from north to south Chile is the longest country in the world from north to south at 2,647 miles (4,620 km) long and extends across 38 degrees of latitude. This place has not seen even a single drop of rain since record-keeping began. The flag of Chile is similar to the Flag of Texas, although the Chilean flag is 21 years older. Jorge Alessandri succeeded Ibáñez del Campo in 1958, bringing Chilean conservatism back into power democratically for another term. Late Paleozoic, 251 million years ago, Chile belonged to the continental block called Gondwana.
Easter Island—Isla de Pascua, in Spanish, or Rapa Nui, in Polynesian—is the best known of Chile’s Pacific Islands. Chile is the longest country in the world from north to south at 2,653 miles. A popular event on the Chilean island of Chiloé is the minga, which brings the entire community together to move a house.  Museums in Chile such as the Chilean National Museum of Fine Arts built in 1880, feature works by Chilean artists. In 1808, Napoleon's enthronement of his brother Joseph as the Spanish King precipitated the drive by the colony for independence from Spain. Beneficiaries can also opt for more costly private insurance through Isapre.
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