:16–35 The engagement was formally announced on 23 December. However, she postponed marrying Werfel until 1929, after which she took the name Alma Mahler-Werfel. After Gustav's death, Alma did not immediately resume contact with Gropius. :153–154, Alma's "juicy, hot, racy" obituary prompted musical satirist Tom Lehrer to write a ballad, "Alma", portraying her as "the loveliest girl in Vienna ... the smartest as well" who became a difficult, temperamental companion to the work-absorbed Mahler, Gropius, and Werfel as each in turn came under her "spell". :185 Within a year, they agreed to a divorce. As scholars investigated her depiction of Mahler and her relationship with him, her accounts have increasingly been revealed as unreliable, false, and misleading.
It quickly became evident that Alma was not going to stay in her marriage to Walter Gropius.  After Manon died of polio at the age of 18, composer Alban Berg dedicated his newly composed Violin Concerto to her, "In Memory of an Angel". :10–16, Alma would tease Zemlinsky about what she thought were his ugly features, saying she could easily have "ten others" to replace him. In Marseilles, they were contacted by Varian Fry, an American journalist and emissary of the Emergency Rescue Committee, a private American relief organization that aided refugee intellectuals and artists at that time.
Early on during Alma’s recovery following the birth, Walter Gropius (1883-1969) discovered the ongoing affair between his wife and Franz Werfel. Seven songs were orchestrated by David and Colin Matthews (published by Universal Edition), and all 17 songs were orchestrated by Julian Reynolds, and by Jorma Panula. Fourteen were published during her lifetime, in three publications dated 1910, 1915, and 1924.
She was buried on 8 February 1965 in the Grinzing Cemetery of Vienna, in the same grave as her daughter Manon Gropius and just a few steps away from her first husband Gustav Mahler. :111:85–89 Upon his urging, and under his guidance, Alma prepared five of her songs for publication (they were issued in 1910, by Gustav's own publisher, Universal Edition). Up until that time, she had composed or sketched mostly Lieder, but also around 20 piano pieces and a small number of chamber music works, and a scene from an opera. Der Komponist Gustav Mahler ist daran gestorben, daß er sie zu sehr geliebt hat, der Maler Oskar Kokoschka konnte ihren Verlust ein Leben lang nicht verwinden, der Architekt Walter Gropius war ein Spielzeug in ihren Händen, und der Dichter Franz Werfel schrieb: Sie gehört zu den ganz wenigen Zauberfrauen, die es gibt! Alma Maria Schindler was born on 31 August 1879 in Vienna, Austria (then Austria-Hungary), to the famous landscape painter Emil Jakob Schindler and his wife Anna Sofie. Baptized: 18-02-1919 Roman Catholic: Martin Carl Johannes.
Musically active from her early years, she was the composer of at nearly 50 songs for voice and piano, and works in other genres as well. She studied composition and counterpoint with Josef Labor, a blind organist who introduced her to a "great deal of literature". Ellis Island Passenger Registration Records. While her marriage was struggling, she had an affair with Walter Gropius. Klimt and Alma were friends until Klimt's death. In 1895, Anna Schindler, Alma's mother, married Carl Moll, Emil Schindler's student. She studied composition with Josef Labor beginning in 1894 or 1895 and until 1901. Martin Carl Johannes (1918-1919) Alma´s only son »Baby« Martin was born two months early in July 1918, after Franz Werfel, in an ecstatic night of passion in Breitenstein am Semmering, had literally »screwed« the child out of the womb. At first, Gropius very much desired to take custody of their now two-year-old daughter Manon Gropius (1916-1935), but in the face of Alma’s resolute refusal to agree to this, he eventually yielded to her. The divorce of Alma and Walter Gropius became official on 20 October 1920. :127, While Gropius's military duties were still keeping him absent, Alma met and began an affair with Prague-born poet and writer Franz Werfel in the fall of 1917.
Alma became pregnant and gave birth to a son, Martin Carl Johannes Gropius (1918–1919). At fifteen she was sent to school but attended for only a few months. Son of Franz Werfel and Alma Margaretha Maria Mahler-Werfel
While she initially was interested in Klimt her desire cooled soon after.
A commotion ensued in which several people were killed or injured. :148, As exit visas could not be obtained, Fry arranged for the Werfels to journey on foot across the Pyrenees into Spain, to evade the Vichy French border officials. Also called: Martin Carl Johannes Gropius (1918-1919). Relation to Gustav Mahler (1860-1911): A son of his wife.
 In 1996, Israeli writer Joshua Sobol and Austrian director Paulus Manker created the polydrama Alma.
In fall 1900, Alma began studying composition with Alexander von Zemlinsky.
Of Gropius, himself, we find that his anti-historical rupture—-and his ANTI-FAMILY design ideology—-came on the heels of compounding disasters and marital infidelities, all in 1918: She became the wife of composer Gustav Mahler, who insisted (as a condition of their marriage) that she give up composing. If you have found any errors, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter. At fifteen, she was mentored by Max Burckhard. Franz Werfel, Alma Margrethe Maria Mahler-werfel (geb. Max Burckhard, friend of Emil Schindler and director of Vienna's Burgtheater theater, became Alma's mentor. The first two volumes appeared under the name Alma Maria Schindler-Mahler, and the last volume was published as "Fünf Gesänge" by Alma Maria Mahler; the cover of the 1915 set was illustrated by Oskar Kokoschka. They stayed in Monte Estoril, at the Grande Hotel D'Itália, between 8 September and 4 October 1940. Werfel, who had already enjoyed moderate renown in the US as an author, achieved popular success with his novel The Song of Bernadette, which was made into a film in 1943, and the science fiction novel, Star of the Unborn, published after his death. :43 Despite this scholarly confusion, she did artistically stifle herself and embraced the role of a loving wife and supporter of Mahler's music. :83–85 Kokoschka's possessiveness wore on Alma, and the emotional vicissitudes of the relationship tired them both. :150–154, In 1946, Mahler-Werfel became a U.S. citizen. In 1938, after the Anschluss, Werfel and Alma were forced to flee Austria as it was unsafe for Jews.
Gustav started to encourage Alma's composing and helped prepare some of her compositions for publication, but died soon after this attempted reconciliation in 1911. In later years, her salon became part of the artistic scene, first in Vienna, then in Los Angeles and in New York. Also called: Martin Carl Johannes Gropius (1918-1919). Born after 7 months pregnancy; 2 months premature. :43, On 9 March 1902, she married Gustav Mahler, who was 19 years her senior and the director of the Vienna Court Opera.
, With the coming of World War I, Kokoschka enlisted in the Austro-Hungarian Army. Alma married Gropius in 1915 and the couple had a daughter together, Manon Gropius. She was tutored at home and brought up in the Roman Catholic Church. Franz Werfel blamed himself for Martins death. For several days her life was in danger, as well as that of her unborn child. From Spain, Alma and Franz traveled on to Portugal.
Mahler), Manon Anna Alma Justine Caroline Gropius, Franz Werfel, Alma Margaretha 1.) Gustav edited some of her songs (Die stille Stadt, In meines Vaters Garten, Laue Sommernacht, Bei dir ist es traut, Ich wandle unter Blumen).  In 1899 they had a daughter together named Maria. , A treatment of Mahler-Werfel's life was presented in the 2001 Bruce Beresford film Bride of the Wind, in which Alma was played by Australian actress Sarah Wynter. On Alma's seventeenth birthday, Burckhard gave her two laundry baskets full of books. Orchestral versions of the accompaniments have been produced. In the film, Alma was portrayed by Georgina Hale, and Gustav by Robert Powell. Martin-Gropius-Bau har udstillet værker af Ai Weiwei, Walker Evans, Anish Kapoor, Johannes Itten og Paul Klee.
, Compositions cited from Mahler, A Complete Songs unless otherwise noted. , Citing the serious contradictions between Alma's accounts and other evidence, including her own diaries, several historians and biographers have begun to speak of the "Alma Problem". He died on 18 May. Klimt fell in love with Alma.
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